20years of Astute Observations
- Hydro-Kinetic : Moving Water using Natural or Solar Powered flow rate
- Solar Powered Hydro-Electric stand alone Generators
- Solar : Crystalline Photovoltaic synthesization of sunlight into Electric Energy Solar Farms
- Solar Powered A/C systems 10ton commercial units
- Wind: VERT Vertical Axis Magnet Levitation Wind Turbine
- Methane Burning Turbine: Advanced Methane Burning Turbine on Landfill Application
- WTE Waste to Energy: The Plasma Gasification of Trash , Garbage & Waste Product of all forms converting to Electric Energy
- LCSPH: Low Cost Solar Powered Housing modular platform BIPV Building Integrated PhotoVoltaics all major metropolitan areas world wide grappling with not enough low cost housing
- ATW Air to Water: Creating Drinking Water from thin Air
Corporate Graphics and Common sense solutions
An Administrative Guide to Electric Generation &
Low Cost Housing
Sustainable Hydropower: A New Flow of Ideas
| 9:00 am May 23rd, 2012 |
By Daniel Kammen
What can be done to diversify our clean energy technology options? In recent years we have seen a number of seemingly “old” technologies undergo a reassessment, and a reinvention. Geothermal power, once assessed as “an excellent source of base-load energy, but likely limited in commercially exploitable capacity” has undergone a renaissance.
In 2008, global geothermal energy use represented only about 0.1 percent of the global primary energy supply. However, by 2050, geothermal could meet roughly 3 percent of the global electricity demand and 5 percent of the global demand for heating and cooling.
That dramatic expansion of scope – a factor of 15 on a global scale – is a function of new technology options and forecasts for higher fossil fuel prices. But it is only one example.
Another technology undergoing a dramatic expansion of options is that of hydropower. Conventional dams, large and small, use either a natural, or more commonly, an artificial “head” or drop to harness energy.
Thus, the energy available is increased with higher dam, and thus a larger flooded reservoir for conventional dams. Therein lies the problem of big dams that inundate ecosystems, displacing people and wildlife, and in some cases – ironically — generating large amounts of greenhouse gas emissions from the decomposition of flooded, submerged, biomass.
Some dams have even caused earthquakes.
Enter so called “hydrokinetic” energy technologies. Conventional dams alter the river, creating artificial lakes. In hydrokinetic power plants, the energy does not come from falling water, but by extracting the kinetic (movement) energy from the water. This is very exciting because new turbines, nozzles and indeed innovations in everything from jet engines to ocean craft to the design of pipes can come into play to extract energy from flowing water. Hydrokinetic systems are applicable in both river and ocean currents, and can reduce the need for reservoirs and disruption of waterways dramatically, because no- or minimal- storage of water is needed. The array of hydrokinetic options is dizzying, and is a wonderful and promising field of innovation. A recent survey published in Applied Energy noted no fewer than ten promising options:
- Axial (Horizontal): Rotational axis of rotor is parallel to the incoming water stream (employing lift or drag type blades)
- Vertical: Rotational axis of rotor is vertical to the water surface and also orthogonal to the incoming water stream (employing lift or drag type blades)
- Cross-flow: Rotational axis of rotor is parallel to the water surface but orthogonal to the incoming water stream (employing lift or drag type blades)
- Venturi: Accelerated water resulting from a choke system (that creates pressure gradient) is used to run an in-built or on-shore turbine
- Gravitational vortex: Artificially induced vortex (via funnels) effect is used in driving a vertical turbine
- Flutter Vane: Systems that are based on the principle of power generation from hydroelastic resonance (‘flutter’) in free-flowing water
- Piezoelectric: Piezo-property (charge accumulation or current generation in response to mechanical force in some specific materials) of polymers is utilized for electricity generation when a sheet of such material is placed in the water stream
- Vortex induced vibration: Employs vibrations resulting from vortices forming and shedding on the downstream side of a bluff body in a current
- Oscillating hydrofoil: Vertical oscillation of hydrofoils can be utilized in generating pressurized fluids and subsequent turbine operation.
- Sails: Employs drag motion of linearly/circularly moving sheets of foils placed in a water stream
There is a still a great deal to do in terms of technological reliability, cost, and how to scale these to be megawatt, or tens of megawatts, or more. Large conventional dams can be anything up to many giga-watts in scale. In an earlier blog (“Building a New Nation and New Energy in South Sudan”) I described the Fula Rapids on the White Nile, a location as powerful as it is beautiful, where energy production and river conservation may be a great candidate for this technology.
It is nice to see evolving technology, particularly one thought of by many as mature and unchanging, up for a wave of innovation.
Daniel Kammen is the World Bank’s chief technical specialist for renewable energy and energy efficiency. He is an adviser to National Geographic’s Great Energy Challenge initiative.
As ATI has made observations in and adoptions to these Ideas and Concepts.
And as it relates to the Emerging Markets over the next 5 to 10yrs.
With this in mind will see a marked gain in utilizing of the oldest and least expensive form of electric generation: Moving water.
We are poised to take advantage of this, as we will be ready willing and able to take on the updating of the 50 to 60 year old existing Hydro-Electric plants that due to “lack of” or “non at all” maintenance now only produce 20% of capacity and expanding capacity to meet the greater needs of today and tomorrow.
The uniqueness of the Hybrid, there by not just relying on one source of Renewable Energy. Plays on the fact that combing Solar, Hydrokinetic and Vertical Axis Wind and in some cases Methane Burning Turbine and Waste to Energy Plasma Gasification and recovery on land fill application. We now have a virtual 24/7 generation with solar kicking in when needed the most during peak usage.
Now this is not a panacea, but for only the Emerging Markets. Here in the USA and in most well developed Nations we have sources for Energy Generation that they simply do not have nor can afford. Coal, Nuclear, ect…
And this is why we have gone directly to the perfect target for this initiative. As most electric is still Diesel Fuel generated at an enormous cost to their respective Governments and Economies.
SIMPLE SOLAR ADAPTION: The Future and what simple things we can all do to make it better…
By simply adapting this Concept and these Ideas to adding a rain water cistern catch system with sides and the bottom using rain gutters and funneling the rain into to large under-ground or above-ground tanks or barrels, depending on need. We are now killing to birds with same stone.
Easily adapting DC pumps ran by the PV for irrigation system be it Residential or Commercial.
These Rain Water systems could easily be used for Emerging Markets even as drinking water. Rain water is easily purified, if necessary, using reverse osmosis or simple solar distillation.
I am working with the premier Air to Water manufacture to produce the first commercially viable Solar Powered machine to simply pull the H20 directly from thin Air. Using the same technology that you’re A/C systems use to remove heat from air…
Ever notice the by product of removing the heat from the air, that’s right it produces H20.
Any one who has had the exit line from their “in attic A/C system clog up and fills up the walls or just floods throw the ceiling knows exactly what I’m speaking to.
“Now these Ideas are not Rocket Science and if we all put our heads together we can solve most of all the problems that MAN has caused either directly or in directly…from pollution to climate change…”
As a leading provider of Holistic Sustainable Renewable Energy Methodologies, we take pride in offering the best PV systems, Solar Powered hot water and Weatherization (tighten up the leaking air and wasting A/C, roof, windows, doors) of your Home. We realize the most important thing in your life is your FAMILY, their peace and security. And so why not make sure that your home actually provides for just that. So now we are taking it to the next level. We are proud to announce we will institute a new strategy for building low cost Solar Powered Housing and acquiring the lots to do just that in PB, Broward and Dade counties.
We are asking any Individual or Company that may have build-able lots to join with us in a JV to build and then sell the properties for you.
As we have formed an Alliance with a low cost Manufacturer of Light Concrete Structural Panels and/or Poured Composite Material.
To erect "Homes of the Future" the one with little to no electric bill.We can build to suit any need...Be-it Single Family to Multifamily, Apts to Condos...
FOR THE REAL ESTATE INVESTORS in all of us
OUR SPECIAL...4/2 1312sq/ft
build rent and hold 17% yearlyROI
@ an unheard of price $88,787.00USD
built on your lot Dade, Broward or PB counties Florida.
We made a few changes.
The kitchen will be opened up and havebreakfast counter in place of wall between Dine and Kitchen. The front door will relocate to between couch and Dine. The 2nd bath in bedroom will be moved to center between rooms, allowing for tubs not showers in both baths. and all built on your lot with little to no electric bill for $88,787.00USD (does not include appliances).
SO call, click or email
for your low cost dream home of the future, any shape, any size
888.448.9188 407.545.7655 561.213.6832
Idea’s as simple as this:
We will institute the concept of before installing a Energy Generation system we lower the consumption rate by these technologies and the best of all Weatherization of the Structures. By lowering the consumption we are lowering the capacity for generation there by lowering the overall cost from two different perspectives…after all is not this...what leads to best ROI?
SolarPowered HydroElectric Generators
These generators below are not new technology. The concept has been around for over 75 years and in practice for over 60 years. The difference is the use of the oldest concept of the water wheel and the constant of naturally flowing water to replace the HP needed to turn them. We now can use the Natural Sunlight (Solar Power) to pump the water from lower tank or pool To the upper tank thereby allowing the water to fall naturally through the water wheel in turn Spinning the generator to produce the electricity.The next generation…
Single-phase engine generates 200 Amps @ 120V and 100 Amps @ 240V simultaneously.
Industry standard 1 3/8 in., 6-spline input shaft, requires at least 48 HP engine at 540 RPM
100% copper windings, metal construction, 100 Amp thermal magnetic breaker and plastic shield
Outlets include welding receptacle and four 120V 20 Amp receptacles and voltmeter
Push button reset circuit breakers
Four 20 Amp 120V receptacles
One 30 Amp 120V receptacle
Solar Farms: the time is now…
ATI will build, own and maintain Solar Farms starting in the Dominican Republic and spreading throughout Caribbean, Central, South America and Mexico using financing though EX-IM Bank Guarantees.
Vetical Axis Wind Generation
Hybrid Solar /Wind Device feturing Magnetic Levitaion Wind...no bearings to wear out rides on cushion of air and spins...